The Book of Daniel
- Court legends (1 - 6)
- Daniel is exiled, trained, keeps a pure diet, and is promoted (1)
- Daniel tells and interprets the statue dream (2)
- Daniel’s companions are tested in the fiery furnace (3)
- Nebuchadnezzar narrates Daniel interpreting his tree dream; madness; recovery (4)
- Daniel interprets the writing on the wall for Belshazzar (5)
- Darius the Mede sends Daniel into the lion’s den (6)
- Daniel’s apocalyptic visions (7 - 12)
- Vision of the four beats (7)
- Vision of the ram and the he-goat (8)
- Daniel reinterprets Jeremiah’s prophecy (9)
- Vision of the last days (10 - 12)
The book of Daniel has a number of historical inaccuracies.
The Neo-Babylonian empire had the following kings:
- Nabu-apla-usur 626–605 BC
- Nabu-kudurri-usur II 605–562 BC
- Amel-Marduk 562–560 BC
- Neriglissar 560–556 BC
- Labaši- Marduk 556 BC
- Nabonidus 556–539 BC
King Nabu-kudurri-usur, also known as Nebuchadnezzar, captured Jerusalem in 597 BC and deposed its king Jehoiachin.
Belshazzar was the son of king Nabonidus, who acted as king regent. Nabonodis left his son in control of the throne for a time (which is perhaps why Daniel is made third in command, and not second in command, in chapter 5).
It seems that author of Daniel changed “Nabonidus” to “Nebuchadnezzar” in chapters 2 through 5. The “Prayer of Nabonidus” fragment found in Dead Sea scrolls seems to lend evidence to this, as it has similarities to chapter 4 of Daniel.
The Septuagint includes several additions to Daniel. In the “Old Greek” version of “Bel and the Dragon”, the king in the story is Babylonian, while in in Theodotion’s version, the king is Cyrus. Perhaps this is another example of the king in the story being adjusted to fit the external context of the story.